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Bare acts > Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 > Schedule I
 
   


 

SCHEDULE I
(See rule 5)
Categories of Bio-Medical Waste


Option Waste Category Treatment and Disposal
Category No. 1

Category No. 2
Human Anatomical Waste
(Human tissues, organs, body parts)

Animal Waste
(Animal tissue, organs, body parts carcasses, bleeding parts, fluid, blood and experimental animals used in research, waste generated by Veterinary hospitals colleges, discharge from hospitals, animal houses)
Incineration/deep burial



Incineration/deep burial
No. 3 Category











Microbiology and Biotechnology Waste
(Wastes from laboratory cultures, stocks or specimens of micro-organisms live or
Attenuated vaccines, human and animal cell culture used in research and infectious agents from research and industrial laboratories, wastes from production of biologicals, toxins,
Dishes and devices used for transfer of cultures)
Local autoclaving/micro-
waving/incineration











No. 4 Category




Waste Sharps
(Needles, syringes, scalpels, blades, glass, etc., that may cause puncture and cuts. This includes both used and unused sharps)
Disinfections / chemical
Treatment/auto craving/
Micro-waving and
Mutilation/shredding


No. 5 Category



Discarded Medicines and Cytotoxic drugs (wastes comprising of outdated, contaminated and discarded medicines)
Incineration/destruction and drugs disposal in secured landfills


No. 6 Category





Solid Waste
(Items contaminated with blood, and body fluids including cotton, dressing, soiled plaster casts, lines, beddings, other material contaminated with blood)
Incineration autoclaving/
micro waving




No. 7 Category



Solid Waste
(Wastes generated from disposable items other than the waste sharps such as tubings, catheters, intravenous sets etc.).
Disinfections by chemical treatment/ autoclaving/ micro waving and
Mutilation/shredding

No. 8 Category



Liquid Waste
(Waste generated from laboratory and washing, cleaning, house-keeping and disinfecting activities)

Disinfection by chemical
Treatment and discharge into drains.

No. 9 Category


Incineration Ash
(Ash from incineration of any biomedical waste)

Disposal in municipal landfill

No. 10 Category
Chemical Waste
(Chemicals used in production of biologicals, chemicals used in disinfection, as insecticides, etc.)
Chemical treatment and
Discharge into drains for
Liquids and secured landfill for solids

1. There will be no chemical pretreatment before incineration. Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated.
2. Deep burial shall be an option available only in towns with population less than five lakhs and in rural areas.
3. Chemicals treatment using at least 1% hypochlorite solution or any other equivalent chemical reagent. It must be ensured that chemical treatment ensures disinfection.
4. Multilation/shredding must be such so as to prevent unauthorised reuse.
5. There will be no chemical pretreatment before incineration. Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated.

 

 

 

 

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